PENGARUH BELANJA PENDIDIKAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH TERHADAP AKSES PENDIDIKAN DASAR DAN MENENGAH DI TINGKAT KABUPATEN/KOTA
Case Study Year 2010-2012
Not all Indonesian citizens have equal education access whereas in accordance to the mandate of the constitution the government must prioritize the education budget at least 20 percent. Along with the growth of education spending, statistics show that Indonesia’s Human Development Index (HDI) has increased from 2010-2015, although this index is relatively low compared to international standard. This study was made to determine the effect of education spending on access to primary and secondary education at the district / city level. The method used in this study is the panel data method based on the theoretical model of Human Capital Investment. The results show that regional government spending in education and regional characteristics affect education access. Per capita income has a positive effect on the enrollment rates for junior and senior high schools. Meanwhile, health spending per student showed a significant negative effect on the high school enrollment rate.